Ottella and Lugana
LAND OF LUGANA
The challenge that Lodovico, Francesco and Michele Montresor decided to take on in Lugana was based on the firm conviction that gifted, high-class wines from quality strains must be recognisable from the way they are produced.
This is the basis for the creation of conceptually modern wines with absolute respect for the vital combination of soil and vine.
Trebbiano di Lugana, known locally as “Turbiana”. It is genetically similar to Verdicchio, according to many experts, but in phenological, agronomical and enological terms, it stands apart. Recent studies at Milan University confirmed that the genome of “Trebbiano di Lugana” has characteristics that cannot be attributed to other Trebbiani.
The traditional system is double bow Guyot with around 18 buds. More recent systems have increased the number of vines per hectare. As a consequence, there are fewer buds, around 10 to 12. The vine is not very vigorous, given that the first two buds are unproductive. Expanded forms of cultivation are excluded.
The soil is of certain glacial origin. The descent of ice and the detritus it carried towards the valley formed an amphitheatre of moraine hills, leaving the Lugana basin in its wake.
This land is made up of separate strata of sediment and, seen in cross-section, the soil appears to have been formed by innumerable relatively thin strata of loamy clay, with an initial stratum of 60/80 cm of rough clay.
The so-called “leopard’s spots” structure is typical, since the clay content of the soil varies a lot from place to place.
This explains how an “apparently normal” vine, in combination with the purest of clay, can be turned into a spectacular white wine, vivacious in its expression of its particularities.
Young wines like Lugana Doc and Lugana Doc Le Creete possess freshness, flavour and crispness that are exclusive to them. Fine and unusual, they have a salty, spicy, smoky taste. The acidic vein gives energy and flavour, which, with time, becomes more expansive, exaggerated and attractive. But the real spirit of Lugana emerges in the wines after ageing.
In the bottle, Lugana Molceo likes to change its skin a little at a time, undergoing a transformation that fully allows the mineral notes to emerge. The hydrocarbons come to the fore, evolution brings ageing. This is not a problem, since the clay will bestow unexpected longevity on the wine.
The production area of this wine straddles the provinces of Verona and Brescia, on an area of flat land. The DOC designation covers municipalities that almost all lie within Lombardy (Sirmione, Desenzano, Lonato, Pozzolengo). Only Peschiera del Garda is part of the province Verona. The area covers around 850 hectares of vineyard.
From a geological point of view, this area is made up of varied layers of compact chalky clay with micro-organic sedimentation.
This type of terrain, together with the extraordinary microclimate in this part of Lake Garda, provides optimum conditions for the cultivation of the Trebbiano di Lugana vine and the attainment of the specific maturation that enables the wine to attain the highest levels, with results of the utmost quality. The wine is therefore obtained from the purest vinification of this grape, to which small quantities of other white, non-aromatic grapes can be added.
In the Reserve, the colour is enriched with golden hints and greater structure. Produced as sparkling wine, it is fresh and elegant.
The wines of this denomination are:
- Lugana Doc
- Lugana Riserva
- Lugana Spumante
- Lugana DOC
- Established by the decree of 21/07/1967
- Official Gazette of 22/08/1967 no. 210
- Yield (graphs/hectare) 125 hundredweight
- Maximum grape yield 70.0%
- Natural alcohol content of the grape 10.5%
- Minimum alcohol content of the wine 11.0%
- Minimum net dry extract 15.0%